Last Updated on October 21, 2022 by admin
People often use the terms’ stamina and endurance interchangeably. Usually, it describes one’s ability to perform an exercise without getting tired, or the ability to sustain energy when doing exercise for a prolonged period.
Though these terms are closely related, there are some key differences that make them not synonymous. This article will discuss the differences and similarities between stamina and endurance, and provide tips on increasing stamina and increasing endurance.
Stamina Vs. Endurance
Stamina has to do with the amount of time we can do an exercise at maximum or near-maximum capacity. Similarly, endurance is related to the amount of time you can do an exercise. But, unlike stamina, there is no emphasis on capacity.
Stamina refers to both your mental and physical abilities, while endurance is mainly about your physical capabilities. Stamina focuses on muscular strength while endurance is mainly about your cardiovascular endurance.
Therefore, endurance is about the efficiency of your heart and lungs to provide your body with oxygen, while stamina is about your muscle’s ability to work continuously without getting tired.
Endurance is a key component of physical fitness but stamina is a direct result of getting fitter. As such, endurance can be measured objectively. For example, you can do a 1.5 run test whereby you measure the time taken to complete the run.
Conversely, there is no way to objectively measure your stamina. However, you can keep tabs on your energy levels and your ability to complete certain tasks without getting too tired. For instance, you may notice that you feel more energetic throughout the day after beginning a fitness program than you did before.
Is One Better than the Other?
Having both stamina and endurance is critical for everyday physical activity as well as in fitness activities.
A high endurance level contributes significantly to your cardiovascular health as it maximizes oxygen uptake. It also decreases your resting heart rate and normalizes your blood pressure.
Building stamina improves your muscular strength and enables you to do various resistance and weight lifting exercises for longer and with a higher load.
Principles of Building Endurance and Resistance
You can improve endurance and stamina over time using the following principles:
Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands (SAID)
In the simplest terms, SAID means that your body adapts to the type of exercises that you perform regularly. For instance, if your workout primarily consists of lower body exercises, your lower body becomes strong but your upper body strength remains the same.
It also means that your body gets used to the specific kind of physical exercise you perform, diminishing their impact on your body. Therefore, you need to regularly change up your workout program and incorporate exercises that target both stamina and endurance, not just one or the other.
The overload principle is one of the core concepts of any effective fitness program. It involves gradually increasing the intensity or volume of your exercises so as to improve the various components of your fitness.
For example, if you start out by running 3-miles per hour you want to gradually improve your pace and performance by completing the three-mile in a shorter time or covering more miles in one hour. Slowly build your way up to a more intense exercise, gradually improving physical stamina and muscular endurance.
In order to see improvement in any aspect of your fitness, you have to do exercises that improve those components regularly. The American Heart Association recommends getting 150 to 300 minutes of exercise per week. For the best results, you should divide the workout times evenly throughout the week.
Optimize Your Nutrition
Aside from exercising, nutrition is key to building your stamina and endurance. The right pre-workout meal provides you with the energy to boost your endurance and stamina.
If you will be performing exercises for long, taking a meal packed with complex carbohydrates a few hours before your workout will provide you with sustained energy for longer periods. Simple carbs are suitable before sprinting or doing HIIT for an immediate boost of energy.
Your post-workout meal should be rich in proteins to aid in muscle building and recovery. Also, remain hydrated during the workout and throughout the day. If you do vigorous exercises regularly, ensure to take electrolytes to replace the minerals lost through sweat.
Endurance vs Stamina Training
Although most exercises will improve both your stamina and endurance, some types are better for endurance, while others are better for stamina training.
Strength training is the best way to improve your stamina. Adhere to the 4 principles discussed above in your stamina training to see results faster.
Increase your load capacity on each type of exercise over time. Do weight training at least three times a week. Your training program should cover all major muscles, to increase overall muscle strength and muscle mass. You will have better stamina if all your major body muscles are strong and conditioned rather than only a specific muscle group being strong.
Do complex exercises that incorporate various muscle groups for better efficiency in your training. Such exercises include squats, deadlifts, push press, push-ups, and lunges among others. Your diet should be high in protein to provide the essential amino acids for muscle repair and building.
Cardiovascular fitness such as jogging, swimming, cycling, jumping rope, and HIIT is best suited for endurance training. Incorporate both high, moderate, and low-intensity exercises in your cardio regimen. Mix up your speed and intensity of the various exercises to better condition your cardiorespiratory system.
When doing HIIT allow yourself ample time for recovery. For example, if you are on a long run, add some sprinting intervals and intervals of regular walking. Increase the running distance over time. Incorporate uphill runs, downhill runs, as well as runs on level ground. Occasionally, swap running for cycling, rowing, or swimming.
Combining Endurance Training and Stamina Training
You could also combine both weight training and cardio training in your fitness program to build both your endurance and stamina simultaneously. Exercises such as farmer’s walks and cleans will build strength and work your cardiovascular system.
You can also plan your weekly workout with some days dedicated to cardio training and others to weight training. Or, you could start your workout session with cardio and finish with weight lifting, or vice versa.
Incorporate exercises you enjoy doing. It will help you to stay consistent and you will be eager to keep putting in the work so as to improve.
Endurance and stamina are essential for all levels of athletes and for a better quality of life. They compliment each other to boost your fitness level. Although they have similarities in that they enable you to do exercises for longer, they differ in their training strategies and how to measure each.
You need to exercise regularly with a progressive overload to build your endurance and stamina. To improve your stamina, focus on strength exercises, and to improve endurance focus on cardio training as an endurance exercise. Ideally, your exercise program should incorporate both endurance and stamina training either in one workout or different workouts.